The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the utility of unidimensional and multidimensional models of the construct of father involvement and to provide measurement advice for researchers. Participants were 1,139 two-parent families from the 1997 Child Development Supplement of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID-CDS). Results from Structural Equation Modeling procedures supported the conceptualization of paternal involvement as a multidimensional construct, consisting of distinct domains of involvement. In particular, paternal cognitive monitoring was not related to the other aspects of involvement included in the model. Findings are discussed in terms of implications for further development and use of measures of father involvement and for further study of paternal involvement using the PSID-CDS data set. (Author abstract).
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