Research findings from a comprehensive search of Internet sites, bibliographies, government sources, and experts were reviewed in preparation for a three-year study about child welfare practices with noncustodial fathers. This report summarizes the literature about trends in family living arrangements, the effects of trends in non-custodial fatherhood on families within the child welfare system, the barriers to father participation in case planning, and innovative practices used to locate and engage fathers in the child welfare case process. Overall, the review found that child welfare agencies are making greater efforts to identify fathers as they comply with TANF requirements and attempt to collect child support for foster care expenses. However, few studies have considered the role of non-custodial fathers in the lives of their children receiving child welfare services. The three-year study will investigate these issues in five states.
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