Scaling Back and Finding Flexibility: Gender Differences in Parents' Strategies to Manage Work–Family Conflict.

Journal Name
Journal of Marriage and Family
Page Count
Year Published
Author (Individual)
Young, Marisa.
Schieman, Scott.
Resource Type
Journal Article
Resource Format
Studies show that fathers report work–family conflict levels comparable to mothers. The authors examine gender differences in work-related strategies used to ease such conflicts. The authors also test whether the presence of young children at home shapes parents' use of different strategies. They address these focal questions using panel data from the Canadian Work, Stress, and Health study (N = 306 fathers, 474 mothers). The authors find that mothers with young children are more likely to scale back on work demands when compared with fathers with young children, but mothers and fathers with older children are equally likely to pursue these strategies. Furthermore, women with young children and men with older children are more likely to seek increased schedule control as a result of work–family conflict when compared with their parent counterparts. The authors situate these findings in the vast literature on the consequences of work–family conflict. (Author abstract)

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