Perceptions of Maternal and Paternal Attachment Security in Middle Childhood: Links with Positive Parental Affection and Psychosocial Adjustment.

Journal Name
Early Child Development and Care
Journal Volume
Journal Issue
1 & 2
Page Count
Year Published
Author (Individual)
Michiels, D.
Grietens, H.
Onghena, P.
Kuppens, S.
Resource Type
Journal Article
Resource Format
Resource Language
This study aimed at determining whether paternal parenting behaviours (attachment and positive affection) added significant information on children's psychosocial adjustment beyond that provided by maternal reports. Five hundred and fifty-two children (fourth through sixth graders) from a non-clinical sample completed a brief measure of perceived attachment security to their mother and father. Parents and teachers of the children filled out the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, which covers behavioural problems (i.e. emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity and peer problems) and prosocial behaviour. Parents also reported on their positive affection towards their child. For the full sample, emotional symptoms, peer problems and prosocial behaviour could be predicted from the parenting measures. Paternal factors added to the variance explained in all models in which significance was found and outweighed maternal factors in predicting emotional symptoms for the total sample as well as for girls. (Author abstract)

Note: This article is part of the journal special issue entitled Emerging Topics on Father Attachment: Considerations in Theory, Context and Development.

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