High rates of incarceration in the United States have motivated a broad examination of the effects of parental incarceration on child wellbeing. Although a growing literature documents challenges facing the children of incarcerated men, most incarcerated fathers lived apart from their children before their arrest, raising questions of whether they were sufficiently involved with their families for their incarceration to affect their children. I use the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=4,071) to examine father-child contact among incarcerated fathers, and find that most incarcerated fathers maintained a degree of contact with their children, through either coresidence or visitation. Moreover, I find robust reductions in both father-child coresidence and visitation when fathers are incarcerated--between 18 and 20 percent for co-residence, and 30 to 50 percent for the probability of visitation. My findings suggest that these reductions are driven by both incapacitation while incarcerated and union dissolution upon release. (Author abstract)
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