Gender and Cultural Patterns of Mothers' and Fathers' Attachment and Links with Children's Self-Competence, Depression and Loneliness in Middle and Late Childhood.

Journal Name
Early Child Development and Care
Journal Volume
180
Journal Issue
1 & 2
Page Count
18
Year Published
2010
Author (Individual)
de Minzi, Mara Cristina Richaud.
Resource Type
Journal Article
Resource Format
Unbound
Resource Language
English
This study examined: (1) the independence of children's attachments to mother and father; (2) the relationships between father and mother quality of attachment and children's social and cognitive self-competence, depression and loneliness; and (3) differences in those relationships by gender. Spanish translations of standardised and self-report measures of mother and father attachment quality, scholastic and social competence, depression and loneliness were administered to 860 middle-class children, aged 8-12 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Children's attachment security with mothers was only moderately related to their attachment security with fathers, suggesting that these two constructs were somewhat independent. In addition, mother security and father security were uniquely predictive of children's social-emotional outcomes. Availability of and reliance on father most strongly predicted lowered depression scores for children. There were differences in father and mother attachment dimensions and child outcomes by child gender, and these differences can be explained in part by cultural factors. (Author abstract)

Note: This article is part of the journal special issue entitled Emerging Topics on Father Attachment: Considerations in Theory, Context and Development.

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