The present study was based on analyses of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a multi-year national sample of young adults which began in 1979 (NLSY79). To explore the role that father involvement during adolescence has on gender role ideology of young adult Hispanic males and females, data from 406 Hispanic participants, a subset of the children of NLSY79 female respondents, were reviewed from the 1992 through 2002 biannual survey waves. Gender role ideology is the extent to which opinions and beliefs about family and work roles differ based on sex, and range along a continuum from traditional to egalitarian. Reciprocal-role theory suggests that fathers are instrumental in shaping the gender role ideology of their children. Multivariate analyses indicated that father involvement during adolescence contributed significantly to gender role ideology of young adult Hispanic males (N = 200), even after controlling for mother involvement and other contextual variables (participant's age, birth order, educational aspirations, maternal education and maternal employment). Increased positive father involvement contributed to more traditional gender role ideologies for young adult males. (Author abstract)
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