Mandated by the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997, this annual report analyzes the performance of state child welfare agencies on seven child welfare outcomes including the recurrence of child abuse and neglect, permanency planning, placement stability, and the safety of children in foster care. See a list of all Child Welfare Outcomes Reports. Data were obtained from state reports provided to the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting Systems (AFCARS) and the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) for the years 2004 and 2005. After completion of the first round of the CFSRs in 2004, the Department contracted with a consultant to convene a workgroupto consider potential improvements to the CFSR process. One of the improvements suggested by the workgroup was to replace the six single data measures used in the first round of the CFSRs with data composites incorporating multiple measures addressing a particular program area. The Department agreed that a data composite approach would provide a more comprehensive picture of State performance and began a process for developing data composites to be used for the CFSRs.19 The end products of this process were four data composites, incorporating a subset of 15 individual measures pertaining to permanency and placement stability for children in foster care.
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