The aim of this theoretical review is to integrate bullying and teen dating violence (TDV) prevention research to answer two questions: 1) Why is an integrated intervention approach necessary for TDV and bullying prevention? and 2) Can a common intervention approach build from the existing research to prevent bullying and TDV concurrently? We propose an integrated intervention model using common program components to target risk factors (hypothesized proximal effects) at different levels of social influence (e.g. school, parents, and individuals), leading to hypothesized distal prevention effects on TDV and bullying perpetration and victimization. Broadly, the model includes the programmatic components posited to have the following proximal effects on risk factors for bullying and TDV: 1) school-level strategies establish norms of nonviolence, increase bystander prosocial behavior, and decrease the likelihood of peer violence; 2) parent strategies minimize risk associated with family conflict and maximize protective effects of parental monitoring, healthy relationships and family cohesion; 3) individual-level skills-based strategies promote proactive strategies to manage anger and cope with previous perpetration and victimization experiences. This theoretical intervention model needs to be evaluated in practice, but has the potential to increase the dosage, scope and effectiveness of violence prevention programming.
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