Boys in Fatherless Families.

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Herzog, E.
Sudia, C. E.
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Sixty studies published before 1970 were examined for this review of research about the effect of father absence on boys. Twenty-four studies found a correlation between father absence and adverse child characteristics, 20 studies found no correlation, and 16 had mixed results. This report summarizes the conclusions of the research about father absence and juvenile delinquency, intellectual and psychosocial functioning, and masculine identity development. In general, the studies suggest that there is a relationship between father absence and increased likelihood of juvenile delinquency that can be attributed to factors that influenced the father to leave (e.g., stress) or that occured as a result of the father's absence (e.g., reduced income). Father absence was not related to school achievement or masculine identity. The report examines the impact of other factors such as type of father absence, age of the child, social and economic factors, family environment, and the characteristics of the present mother. Implications for research and practice are discussed. Numerous references and 2 tables.
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